Four years of Ulysses dust data: 1996-1999

H. Krüger, E. Grün, M. Landgraf, S. Dermott, H. Fechtig, B. A. Gustafson, D. P. Hamilton, M. S. Hanner, M. Horányi, J. Kissel, Bertil Anders Lindblad, D. Linkert, G. Linkert, I. Mann, J. A. M. McDonnell, G. E. Morfill, C. Polanskey, G. Schwehm, R. Srama, H. A. Zook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Ulysses spacecraft is orbiting the Sun on a highly inclined ellipse(/i=79°, perihelion distance 1.3 AU, aphelion distance 5.4 AU).Between January /1996 and December /1999 the spacecraft was beyond 3 AUfrom the Sun and crossed the ecliptic plane at aphelion in May /1998. Inthis 4-yr period 218 dust impacts were recorded with the dust detectoron board. We publish and analyse the complete data set of both raw andreduced data for particles with masses10<SUP>-16</SUP>-10<SUP>-8</SUP>g. Together with 1477 dust impactsrecorded between launch of Ulysses and the end of /1995 publishedearlier (Grün et al., Planet. Space Sci. 43 (/1995a) 971;Krüger et al., Planet. Space Sci. 47 (/1999b) 363), a data set of1695 dust impacts detected with the Ulysses sensor between October /1990and December /1999 is now available. The impact rate measured between1996 and 1999 was relatively constant with about 0.2 impacts per day.The impact direction of the majority of the impacts is compatible withparticles of interstellar origin, the rest are most likelyinterplanetary particles. The observed impact rate is compared with amodel for the flux of interstellar dust particles. The flux of particlesseveral micrometres in size is compared with the measurements of thedust instruments on board Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 beyond 3 AU (Humes,J. Geophys. Res. 85 /(1980) 5841). Between 3 and 5 AU, Pioneer resultspredict that Ulysses should have seen 5 times more (~10mum sized)particles than actually detected.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303-1324
JournalPlanetary and Space Science
Volume49
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

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