Frequency, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of gastrointestinal disease in granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis

Per Eriksson, Mårten Segelmark, Olof Hallböök

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. Involvement of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a rare complication of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). The aim was to describe frequency, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of GI disease in a large series of patients in a single center. Methods.A database that includes all patients with GPA and MPA diagnosed since 1997 in a defined area of southeastern Sweden as well as prevalent older cases and tertiary referral patients was screened for patients with GI disease. Data were retrieved from the patient's medical records, and GI manifestations of vasculitis were defined as proposed by Pagnoux, et al in 2005. Results. Fourteen (6.5%) of 216 consecutive patients with GPA/MPA had GI manifestations. Abdominal pain and GI bleeding were the most common symptoms. Radiology was important for detection of GI disease, while endoscopy failed to support the diagnosis in many patients. Because of perforation, 5 patients underwent hemicolectomy or small intestine resection. Primary anastomosis was created in 2/5 and enterostomy in 3/5 patients. One patient had a hemicolectomy because of lower GI bleeding. One sigmoid abscess was treated with drainage, and 1 intraabdominal bleeding condition with arterial coiling. Two patients died from GI disease. GPA and MPA patients with and without GI disease exhibited a similar overall survival. Conclusion. GI disease was found in 6.5% among 216 patients with GPA or MPA. Surgery was judged necessary only in cases with GI perforation or severe bleeding. Multidisciplinary engagement is strongly recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-537
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Urology and Nephrology

Free keywords

  • Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Surgery
  • Vasculitis

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