Function and dysfunction of the colon and anorectum in adults: Working team report of the Swedish Motility Group (SMoG)

Pontus Karling, Hasse Abrahamsson, Anders Dolk, Olof Hallbook, Per M. Hellstrom, Charles H. Knowles, Lars Kjellstrom, Greger Lindberg, Per-Johan Lindfors, Henry Nyhlin, Bodil Ohlsson, Peter T. Schmidt, Kristina Sjolund, Henrik Sjovall, Susanne Walter

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    9 Citations (SciVal)

    Abstract

    Symptoms of fecal incontinence and constipation are common in the general population. These can, however, be unreliably reported and are poorly discriminatory for underlying pathophysiology. Furthermore, both symptoms may coexist. In the elderly, fecal impaction always must be excluded. For patients with constipation, colon transit studies, anorectal manometry and defecography may help to identify patients with slow-transit constipation and/or pelvic floor dysfunction. The best documented medical treatments for constipation are the macrogols, lactulose and isphagula. Evolving drugs include lubiprostone, which enhances colonic secretion by activating chloride channels. Surgery is restricted for a highly selected group of patients with severe slow-transit constipation and for those with large rectoceles that demonstrably cause rectal evacuatory impairment. For patients with fecal incontinence that does not resolve on antidiarrheal treatment, functional and structural evaluation with anorectal manometry and endoanal ultrasound or magnetic resonance (MR) of the anal canal may help to guide management. Sacral nerve stimulation is a rapidly evolving alternative when other treatments such as biofeedback and direct sphincter repair have failed. Advances in understanding the pathophysiology as a guide to treatment of patients with constipation and fecal incontinence is a continuing important goal for translational research. The content of this article is a summary of presentations given by the authors at the Fourth Meeting of the Swedish Motility Group, held in Gothenburg in April 2007.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)646-660
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
    Volume44
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Subject classification (UKÄ)

    • Gastroenterology and Hepatology

    Keywords

    • gastrointestinal disorders
    • functional
    • fecal incontinence
    • Anal incontinence
    • constipation
    • gastrointestinal motility disorders

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