Globalization, job tasks and the demand for different occupations

Fredrik Heyman, Fredrik Sjöholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Globalization has increased in recent decades, resulting in structural changes of production and labor demand. This paper examines how the increased global engagement of firms affects the structure of the workforce. We find that the aggregate distribution of occupations in Sweden has become more skilled between 1997 and 2013. Moreover, firms with a high degree of international orientation have a relatively skilled distribution of occupations and firms with low international orientation have a relatively unskilled distribution of occupations. High-and low-skilled occupations have increased in importance whereas middle-skilled occupations have declined with a resulting job polarization. We also discuss and analyze the role played by new technology and automatization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-91
Number of pages25
JournalTravail et Emploi
Issue number157
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 10

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Economics


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