GABA is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian CNS. GABA in the brain is commonly associated with a fast, point-to-point form of signalling called synaptic transmission (phasic inhibition), but there is growing evidence that GABA participates in another, slower and more diffuse form of signalling often referred to as tonic inhibition. Unresolved questions regarding tonic neuronal inhibition concern activation and functional properties of extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptors (GABARex) present on neurones. Extrasynaptic receptors are exposed to submicromolar GABA concentrations and may modulate the overall excitability of neurones and neuronal networks. Here, we examined GABA-activated single-channel currents in dentate gyrus granule neurones in rat hippocampal slices. We activated three types (I, II, III) of GABARex channels by nanomolar GABA concentrations (EC50 I: 27 +/- 12; II: 4 +/- 3; III: 43 +/- 19 nM). The channels opened after a delay and the single-channel conductance was graded (gamma(max) I: 61 +/- 3; II: 85 +/- 8, III: 40 +/- 3 pS). The channels were differentially modulated by 1 mu M diazepam, 200 nM zolpidem, 1 mu M flumazenil and 50 nM THDOC (3 alpha, 21-dihydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one), consistent with the following minimal subunit composition of GABARex I alpha(1)beta gamma(2), GABARex II alpha(4)beta gamma(2) and GABARex III alpha beta delta channels.
Bibliographical noteThe information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: GABA Channels in Physiology and Pharmacology (013241570)
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- single-channel current
- GABA channels