Hard X-ray wavefront correction via refractive phase plates made by additive and subtractive fabrication techniques

Frank Seiboth, Dennis Brückner, Maik Kahnt, Mikhail Lyubomirskiy, Felix Wittwer, Dmitry Dzhigaev, Tobias Ullsperger, Stefan Nolte, Frieder Koch, Christian David, Jan Garrevoet, Gerald Falkenberg, Christian G. Schroer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Modern subtractive and additive manufacturing techniques present new avenues for X-ray optics with complex shapes and patterns. Refractive phase plates acting as glasses for X-ray optics have been fabricated, and spherical aberration in refractive X-ray lenses made from beryllium has been successfully corrected. A diamond phase plate made by femtosecond laser ablation was found to improve the Strehl ratio of a lens stack with a numerical aperture (NA) of 0.88 × 10-3 at 8.2 keV from 0.1 to 0.7. A polymer phase plate made by additive printing achieved an increase in the Strehl ratio of a lens stack at 35 keV with NA of 0.18 × 10-3 from 0.15 to 0.89, demonstrating diffraction-limited nanofocusing at high X-ray energies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1130
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Synchrotron Radiation
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Keywords

  • aberration correction
  • phase plate
  • ptychography
  • refractive X-ray optics

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