Hepato-pulmonary shunts

Marika Bajc, Ari Lindqvist

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


Hepato-pulmonary shunts might develop in some patients with severe liver disease, usually when cirrhosis has developed. At this stage, a dilatation of intra-pulmonary vessels might develop causing defects in blood oxygenation. Shortness of breath is a common symptom. The disease might be asymptomatic but it has an impact of patient's quality of life. The identification of shunt dysfunction is based on the arterial blood gas test. The dilatation of pulmonary vessels and shunting index can be identified by macro aggregated albumin lung perfusion scintigraphy (99mTc-MAA) or a transthoracic contrast-enhanced echocardiography.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-4
PublisherScienceDirect, Elsevier
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780128229804
ISBN (Print)9780128229606
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cancer and Oncology

Free keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • Hepato-pulmonary shunts
  • Pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy


Dive into the research topics of 'Hepato-pulmonary shunts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this