Hip disorders and osteoarthritis: focus on health-related quality of life, assesssment and intervention

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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Abstract

The overall aims of this work were to investigate the consequences of hip disorders and hip osteoarthritis (OA) on health-related quality of life (HRQL) physical function and self-efficacy.
The condition, hip OA, is often associated with significant pain and has a strong impact on physical function and quality of life. The prevalence of hip disorders were 32% and among the individuals reporting hip disorders 86% experienced pain, 32% stiffness and 20% weakness and 92% of those with hip disorders also reported disorders in other joints.
In individuals with hip OA, better physical function and better self-efficacy were associated with higher perceived health-related quality of life.
A new instrument for assessing movement quality, the Body Awareness Movement Quality (BAS MQ)was examined. The inter-rater reliabiliy and validity were acceptable in a group of individuals with hip OA.
Eighty-nine individuals with hip OA were randomized either to Tai Chi for Arthritis, Hip School or a control group. Within group-differences showed a significant improvement between baseline and the 6- months follow-up in physical function in both intervention group and the Tai Chi group also improved significantly in self-efficacy. No significant differences, regarding physical function, self-efficacy or HRQL, were seen at 6-or 12 months follow-up whwn comparing the groups.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
  • Human Movement: health and rehabilitation
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Ekvall Hansson, Eva, Supervisor
  • Lundvik Gyllensten, Amanda, Supervisor
Award date2014 Apr 10
Publisher
ISBN (Print)978-91-87651-58-8
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 2014-04-10
Time: 09:00
Place: HSC, H01, Baravägen 3, Lund

External reviewer(s)

Name: Opava, Christina
Title: [unknown]
Affiliation: Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm

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Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Physiotherapy

Keywords

  • physiotherapy
  • intervention
  • hip
  • osteoarthritis
  • health-related quality of life
  • physical function
  • self-efficacy
  • Tai Chi
  • patient education

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