Knowledge of hiv/aids, exposure to hiv/aids information and appreciation of given information was studied, by a questionnaire, among 326 Kenyan and 146 Swedish teenage school students in 1994. The aim of the study was to examine differences and similarities in knowledge in the two populations and to examine which sources of information about hiv and aids the respondents had been exposed to and which were most appreciated. The overall knowledge about hiv/aids was high but in specific items the knowledge and awareness of different risk behaviours for contracting hiv/aids differed for the Kenyan and Swedish teenagers. The dissemination of hard factual information about hiv/aids has thus been successful in reaching out although not in stopping the spread of hiv/aids. This calls for new strategies in disease prevention and health promotion. Those strategies should focus much more on lifestyle changes. The health care system, the school and the existing strong civil and voluntary information structures have an important role to play in that work.
|Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine
|Published - 1997
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Environmental Health and Occupational Health
- Dermatology and Venereal Diseases