Household salt for retrospective dose assessments using OSL: signal integrity and its dependence on containment, sample collection, and signal readout.

Maria Christiansson, Christian Bernhardsson, Therese Geber, Sören Mattsson, Christopher Rääf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this work was to determine how a latent optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) signal in irradiated household salt is preserved under various ambient conditions, from the time of exposure to the time of signal readout. The following parameters were examined: optical fading in fluorescent light and under darkroom conditions (red light), thermal stability of the OSL signal during storage in a light-tight container, optical fading in representative container types, and sensitization effects of the OSL signal in exposed household salt. Furthermore, the influence of grain mixing within the saltshaker or salt container was studied by determining the dose gradient within typical salt packages. Finally, the signal integrity of salt irradiated under field conditions in a village in Belarus contaminated by Chernobyl fallout was investigated. The results show that the OSL signal in household salt is preserved in large cardboard box containers, but not in white plastic salt containers or in small portion bags used in, e.g., fast food restaurants. Furthermore, the continuous wave blue OSL signal in household salt does not fade significantly during storage up to 140 days. On the contrary, the signal appears to slowly increase during storage ("inverse fading"). Field tests of two different salt containers (with and without black tape to block light) located in Belarussian households confirmed that the signal is preserved in white plastic salt containers when they are covered with extra light-shielding material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-569
JournalRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

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