How occupations shape self-employment entry: A multilevel approach

Frederik Witte, Frédéric Delmar, Saulo Dubard Barbosa

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper, not in proceedingpeer-review


Occupations divide the labor market into separate repositories of skill, where labor market frictions hinder employee mobility between occupations. Such frictions shape the supply of skill, the wage structure of each occupation, and the occupation-specific opportunity cost and marginal utility of self-employment entry. We investigate why self-employment entry is dependent on occupation, using 7 years of employee-employer matched panel data from Sweden. We test a multilevel survival model where employees are nested in occupations, and where the wage structure of each occupation determines the likelihood and type of employees’ self-employment entry. The results suggest that 50% of all incorporated entries are generated by only 7 occupations, 41% of the total variance is explained on the occupational level, and wage variance is the most important occupation-level predictor. Implications for research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 2014
EventAcademy of Management Annual Meeting, 2014: Theme: The Power of Words - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 2014 Aug 12014 Aug 1
Conference number: 74


ConferenceAcademy of Management Annual Meeting, 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Business Administration

Free keywords

  • Self-employment entry
  • multilevel
  • occupations
  • occupational choice


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