Hydrogen production by thermophilic fermentation

Ed van Niel, Karin Willquist, Ahmad Zeidan, Truus de Vrije, Astrid Mars, Pieternel Claassen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Of the many ways hydrogen can be produced, this chapter focuses on biological hydrogen production
12 by thermophilic bacteria and archaea in dark fermentations. The thermophiles are held as promising candidates
13 for a cost-effective fermentation process, because of their relatively high yields and broad substrate palette. Yet
14 many challenges remain to be faced, including improving productivity, tolerance to high osmolality and growth
15 inhibitors, and reactor configuration. This review consolidates current insights in the quest for high yields and
16 productivities within thermophilic hydrogen production. Important is to understand how environmental
17 parameters affect the redox- and energy metabolism of the microorganism(s) involved. This knowledge is
18 required for designing an optimal bioreactor configuration and operation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationState of the art and progress in production of biohydrogen
EditorsDavid Levin, Nuri Azbar
PublisherBentham Science Publishers
Pages137-159
ISBN (Print)978-1-60805-411-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Industrial Biotechnology

Keywords

  • central carbon metabolism
  • hydrogenase
  • hydrogen productivity
  • hydrogen yield
  • hydrogen partial pressure
  • medium composition
  • physiology
  • reactor design
  • thermodynamics
  • thermophile

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