We previously reported that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-10 mRNA levels were significantly lower in tumor tissues than in adjacent normal tissues in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), whereas protein levels of MMP-10 were higher in the tumor tissues than the adjacent tissues. The mechanism of this divergence is still unknown. In the present stud), the role of Janus kinase 2/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) on interleukin (IL)-6 mediated regulation of MMP-10 expression was investigated in a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549 cells) and the molecular regulatory mechanism of MMP-10 expression was explored. A549 cells were stimulated by different concentrations of IL-6 with or without AG490, a specific JAK2 inhibitor. It was demonstrated that IL-6 moderately reduced the MMP-10 mRNA levels, whereas it significantly enhanced the MMP-10 protein mass in the A549 cells. This phenomenon mimicked the divergence of mRNA level and protein mass of MMP-10 in human NSCLC. Moreover, the present study indicated that IL-6 regulation of MMP-10 expression was via the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. STAT3 mRNA levels were significantly increased when the cells were treated with IL-6, whereas when AG490 (50 mu M) was added to the cell cultures, IL-6-induced increase of STAT3 mRNA levels was abolished. Meanwhile, AG490 blocked the IL-6-induced inhibition of MMP-10 mRNA as well as blocking the IL-6-induced increase of MMP-10 protein mass in the A549 cells. Neither IL-6 nor AG490 influenced JAK2 mRNA levels in the A549 cell cultures. It is concluded that the JAK2/STAT3 pathway is involved in the IL-6-mediated regulation of MMP-10, and IL-6 can moderately reduce MMP-10 mRNA levels and strongly increase MMP-10 protein mass in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Contrasting effects of IL-6 on MMP-10 mRNA level and protein concentration in A549 cells may partially explain the divergence of MMP-10 mRNA level and protein mass in human NSCLC.
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Cancer and Oncology
- lung cancer