Image artifacts due to a time-varying contrast medium concentration in 3D contrast-enhanced MRA

Jonas Svensson, J Stefan Petersson, Freddy Ståhlberg, Elna-Marie Larsson, Peter Leander, Lars E Olsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this work was to study image effects due to time-varying contrast medium concentration in contrast-enhanced three dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) images. Two different simulation models (1D and 3D) and two different contrast medium variation schemes were used. Phantom measurements were also performed. Experiments were performed for several different bolus timings. Similar sequence and image object parameters were used in both simulations and measurements (TE/TR 2. 1/7.8 mses, flip angle 30 degrees, T1/T2 1200-80/150-40 msec, flow velocity 100 cm/sec). A small variation in bolus timing yielded large variations in the appearance of the image effects, especially if the center of k-space was sampled in the vicinity of rapid contrast medium concentration variation. For a typical bolus injection in a patient, a severe signal loss but only minor ringing and edge artifacts appeared if the bolus injection was poorly timed. Effects of pulsatile flow were minor. The 3D model proved to be a useful tool in these studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-928
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Diagnostic Radiology, (Lund) (013038000), Medical Radiation Physics, Malmö (013243210), Medical Radiology Unit (013241410)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Free keywords

  • contrast medium
  • angiography
  • magnetic resonance
  • artifacts
  • simulations


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