Impact of sediment supply on decadal-scale dune evolution — Analysis and modelling of the Kennemer dunes in the Netherlands

Caroline Hallin, Bastiaan J.A. Huisman, Magnus Larson, Dirk-Jan R. Walstra, Hans Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates the impact of beach sediment supply on dune volume evolution through data analysis and model simulations of the Kennemer dunes in the Netherlands. A cross-shore sediment transport model (the CS-model) is applied with local time-averaged longshore sediment transport gradients derived from bathymetric and topographic observations. The model is used to study the relative importance of different transport processes on dune volume evolution, assuming that aeolian transport from the beach to the dune is supply-limited. The wave-driven longshore transport gradients are found to explain a large part of the observed variation in the dune evolution within the study area. In accreting parts of the coast, dunes are growing due to sediment supply from longshore transport, whereas in eroding parts, dune growth depends on supply from artificial nourishments. Seasonal constructions on the beach and vegetation removal from the dunes partly impede dune growth along the considered stretch of coast. The model performance is satisfactory, being able to reproduce a considerable part of the large variation in the alongshore dune response observed in the study area. Overall, the results are a promising contribution to the capability of simulating decadal-scale dune evolution, which is important for long-term flood risk assessments and safe designs of nature-based solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-110
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Water Engineering

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