Impact of sex on perinatal mortality and morbidity in twins

Emma Elsmén, Karin Källén, Karel Marsal, Mikael Norman, Lena Hellstrom-Westas

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18 Citations (SciVal)
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Objective: Twin studies offer opportunities to investigate mechanisms underlying sex-associated differences in perinatal outcomes. The objective of the study was to investigate sex-related differences in perinatal complications. Study design: A cohort of 16,045 twin pregnancies 32,090 twins - was explored for obstetric complications, perinatal and infant mortality, and neonatal morbidities. Results: Twin pregnancies with a female fetus had an increased risk for preeclampsia, but otherwise there were no pregnancy complications associated with fetal sex. After birth, female-female twins had lower early neonatal and infant mortality, and lower risk for respiratory morbidities than male-male twins at all gestational ages. In unlike-sexed twin pairs, very preterm males had higher respiratory morbidity than females and, females were at higher risk for being growth restricted. Conclusion: Male-male twins have higher respiratory morbidity and neonatal mortality than female-female twins. In unliked-sexed twin pairs, the males seem to be protected by having a female co-twin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-231
JournalJournal of Perinatal Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Pediatrics


  • Growth restriction
  • newborn
  • respiratory morbidity
  • preeclampsia
  • preterm


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