Purpose To present a single center outcome from an initial series of gynecological robotic cases with a special reference to obese patients. Methods A retrospective evaluation of 116 women, undergoing elective gynecologic robot-assisted surgery from February 2011 to December 2012. Procedures included hysterectomy (HE), radical HE, adnexectomy, myomectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy and paraaortic lymphadenectomy, sentinel node extraction, and omentectomy. The feasibility and outcome were investigated in relation to normal and high body mass index (BMI < 30 and BMI ≥ 30). Results The overall complication rate was low (15/116; 12.9 %). The number of perioperative complications was not different between the patients with normal BMI compared to those with high BMI. Five operations were converted to open surgery due to vascular injury (2), intestinal injury (2) and one insufficiently exposed paraaortic field in an endometrial cancer patient. Urinary bladder was injured once. Late complications included vaginal dehisce (2), vaginal hemorrhage (1), cuff hematoma (4), lymphocyst (1) and two urinary tract injuries. The rate of the late complications was not significantly different in the two groups of patients (p = 0.139). A significant difference in patients’ positioning time was observed between normal weighted and obese patients (35 and 55 min, p < 0.001). Conclusion Robotic procedure was feasible and could be implemented for treating the first setting of mixed indications for gynecologic surgery. Robotic surgery may offer particular advantages in obese patients with no conversions and no wound complications.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine