Influence of chloride and moisture content on steel rebar corrosion in concrete

J. Ahlström, J. Tidblad, B. Sederholm, L. Wadsö

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reinforced mortar samples were exposed in humidity chambers with different relative humidity or exposed in cyclic moisture conditions. The rebars were in an “as received” condition meaning that the preexisting oxide scale were intact. The lowest chloride concentration that initiated corrosion was 1% Cl by mass of cement, corrosion was then observed for samples exposed at 97% relative humidity. It is suggested that the corrosion rate decreases when samples are exposed to a relative humidity lower than 97%. The results indicate that threshold levels should be evaluated at rather humid conditions (97%) despite the fact that the maximum corrosion rate at higher chloride levels is observed in the interval 91–94%. For samples exposed to cyclic moisture conditions, a lower chloride concentration was needed to initiate corrosion compared to samples exposed in static moisture conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1049-1058
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials and Corrosion
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Corrosion Engineering

Free keywords

  • chloride
  • concrete
  • corrosion
  • moisture
  • steel


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