Influence of complexing polyanions on the thermostability of basic protiens.

Olga Ivinova, Vladimir Izumrudov, V Muronetz, Igor Galaev, Bo Mattiasson

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Lysozyme (Lyz), chymotrypsinogen (Cht), and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) were used as model proteins capable of forming water-soluble polyelectrolyte complexes with linear synthetic polyanions. The complex formation with sodium poly(methacrylate) (PMA), sodium poly(acrylate) (PAA), sodium poly(anetholsulfonate) (PAS), and potassium poly(vinylsulfate) (PVS) markedly reduced the temperature of protein denaturation, Tmax, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The effect of sodium poly(styrenesulfonate) (PSS) on Lyz was so drastic that the protein melting peak was not observed at all during DSC measurements. The temperature shift, most pronounced for Lyz, increased upon substitution of the polyanions according to the following series: PMA < PVS < PAA < PAS < PSS. Decomposition of the complexes by addition of either sodium chloride or poly(N-ethyl-4-vinylpyridinium) cation completely restored the initial Tmax of the protein (except for PSS and PAS). The complex formation slightly affected the enzyme activity up to temperatures close to Tmax of the polyanion-protein complex. On further heating, the activity of the complex decreased steeply, whereas the free enzyme maintained a high activity. The data obtained strongly suggest that the protein-polyelectrolyte interactions in solution, while leaving the thermostability and activity of the proteins practically unaffected over a rather wide temperature range, result in the effective denaturation of proteins once a certain critical temperature is achieved. This finding appears to be crucial for further development of immobilized enzymes in biotechnology and essential for understanding mechanisms and principles of the functioning of proteins immobilized on charged matrices in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-215
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Bio Materials


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