Influence of rapid laser heating on differently matured soot with double-pulse laser-induced incandescence

Sandra Török, Manu Mannazhi, Saga Bergqvist, Kim Cuong Le, Per Erik Bengtsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


For accurate laser-induced incandescence (LII) measurements of soot properties it is of great importance to understand the nature of the physical processes involved during rapid laser heating. In this work, we investigate how well-characterized differently matured fresh soot from a soot generator responds to rapid laser heating. For this purpose, a double-pulse LII setup is used with 10 μs time separation between the pulses using various combinations of two common LII wavelengths (532 and 1064 nm). Detection is performed at two wavelength bands for fluorescence analysis, and additionally elastic light scattering is used for mass loss analysis during heating. We investigate how the LII signal changes with pre-heating laser energy, specifically by fluence curve analysis to estimate the influence of thermal annealing, sublimation and laser-induced fluorescence interference. It is shown that extensive absorption enhancement occurs for all types of soot as the soot is thermally annealed, which is manifested through decreasing dispersion coefficient ξ and an increasing absorption coefficient E(m,λ). When comparing young and mature soot, a much larger impact of sublimation can be observed in the fluence curves of the mature soot. Also, we observe an enhanced contribution of laser-induced fluorescence for the young soot when performing LII measurements using 532 nm, which is suggested to originate from vaporized carbon fragments with an aromatic structure. This work further shows the potential of utilizing double-pulse arrangements for increasing the detectability of poorly absorbing soot, but also it highlights the impact of laser heating on soot, which may be important to avoid interferences when performing soot diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-501
Number of pages14
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Physical Sciences

Free keywords

  • Kihong Park


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