Influences of bus traffic loading on asphalt concrete rutting

Peter Lindelöf, Safwat F. Said, Abubeker W. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Permanent deformation is the primary failure mode for the asphalt concrete (AC) pavement in urban environment. It is mainly caused by a combination of heavy traffic load, low vehicle speed and channelised traffic. A rut prediction model would therefore be a valuable tool for planning maintenance scheduling and selecting an appropriate asphalt material. This study uses the PEDRO (Permanent deformation in asphalt concrete layers for roads) model to evaluate the rutting performance of flexible pavements in dedicated bus lanes and intersections in urban areas. For this purpose, three road sections along a bus lane in Malmö, Sweden, were selected. To achieve this, AC cores from the road sections were tested using a Shear Box Tester to characterise the asphalt mixtures. Traffic data such as axle load, tyre configuration, speed, and lateral wander distribution of vehicles, and climate data were measured for the selected sections. Field measurements were carried out to assess the structural conditions of the pavements and to measure transverse profiles. This study introduced a procedure for the evaluation and local calibration of the PEDRO rutting model. The results revealed that the prediction of the transverse profiles are generally in good agreement with the rut measurements.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Infrastructure Engineering

Free keywords

  • Asphalt concrete
  • bus lane
  • permanent deformation
  • shear test
  • viscosity

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