Insulin secretion and action in North Indian women during pregnancy

G. P. Arora, P Almgren, R. G. Thaman, A. Pal, Leif Groop, A Vaag, R B Prasad, Charlotte Brøns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

AIM: The relative roles(s) of impaired insulin secretion vs. insulin resistance in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus depend upon multiple risk factors and diagnostic criteria. Here, we explored their relative contribution to gestational diabetes as defined by the WHO 1999 (GDM1999) and adapted WHO 2013 (GDM2013) criteria, excluding the 1-h glucose value, in a high-risk Indian population from Punjab.

METHODS: Insulin secretion (HOMA2-B) and insulin action (HOMA2-IR) were assessed in 4665 Indian women with or without gestational diabetes defined by the GDM1999 or adapted GDM2013 criteria.

RESULTS: Gestational diabetes defined using both criteria was associated with decreased insulin secretion compared with pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance. Women with gestational diabetes defined by the adapted GDM2013, but not GDM1999 criteria, were more insulin resistant than pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance, and furthermore displayed lower insulin secretion than GDM1999 women. Urban habitat, illiteracy, high age and low BMI were independently associated with reduced insulin secretion, whereas Sikh religion, increasing age and BMI, as well as a family history of diabetes were independently associated with increased insulin resistance.

CONCLUSIONS: Gestational diabetes risk factors influence insulin secretion and action in North Indian women in a differential manner. Gestational diabetes classified using the adapted GDM2013 compared with GDM1999 criteria is associated with more severe impairments of insulin secretion and action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1477-1482
JournalDiabetic Medicine: A journal of the British Diabetic Association
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine

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