Integrating care for neurodevelopmental disorders by unpacking control: A grounded theory study

Gustaf Waxegård, Hans Thulesius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Background: To establish integrated healthcare pathways for patients with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) such as autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is challenging. This study sets out to investigate the main concerns for healthcare professionals when integrating ND care pathways and how they resolve these concerns. Methods: Using classic grounded theory (Glaser), we analysed efforts to improve and integrate an ND care pathway for children and youth in a Swedish region over a period of 6 years. Data from 42 individual interviews with a range of ND professionals, nine group interviews with healthcare teams, participant observation, a 2-day dialogue conference, focus group meetings, regional media coverage, and reports from other Swedish regional ND projects were analysed. Results: The main concern for participants was to deal with overwhelming ND complexity by unpacking control, which is control over strategies to define patients' status and needs. Unpacking control is key to the professionals' strivings to expand constructive life space for patients, to squeeze health care to reach available care goals, to promote professional ideologies, and to uphold workplace integrity. Control-seeking behaviour in relation to ND unpacking is ubiquitous and complicates integration of ND care pathways. Conclusions: The Unpacking control theory expands central aspects of professions theory and may help to improve ND care development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31987
JournalInternational Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 7

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
  • Psychiatry

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Autism
  • Care pathways
  • Health services
  • Integrated care
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders

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