Cells infected with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) express a cell surface receptor able to bind to the Fc region of immunoglobulin G (IgG). The ability of HSV-1-infected cells to bind 125I-labelled human and rabbit IgG and IgG fragments was studied to localize the site of interaction to the C gamma 2 or C gamma 3 domains of IgG. 125I-labelled IgG and IgG Fc fragments consisting of C gamma 2 and C gamma 3 domains bound strongly to HSV-infected cells and did not bind to uninfected cells. In contrast, 125I-labelled F(ab')2, Facb [consisting of F(ab')2 and C gamma 2 domains] and pFc' (consisting of C gamma 3 domains) fragments did not bind to any of these cells. Unlabelled IgG and IgG Fc fragments inhibited the interaction between 125I-labelled rabbit IgG Fc and the HSV Fc receptor, whereas F(ab')2, Facb and pFc' fragments failed to inhibit this interaction. These data indicate that the HSV Fc receptor requires both the C gamma 2 and C gamma 3 domains for interaction with the IgG molecule analogous to the known interaction of protein A of Staphylococcus aureus, the Fc binding proteins of Group A, C and G streptococci, and certain human rheumatoid factors.
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Immunology in the medical area