Serum levels of Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) have been shown to be biomarker for prediction of the quantitative aspects of ovarian reserve. On the male side, sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) DNA fragmentation index (DFI) has been demonstrated to be an important predictor of outcomes in standard IVF procedures but to less degree in intracytoplasmic sperm injection procedures (ICSI). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of female AMH serum levels and sperm DFI adds to prediction of the outcome of assisted reproduction. A total of 352 couples was included (ICSI-148: IVF-204) A venous blood sample was drawn for AMH analysis before IVF/ICSI treatment. DFI was measured in the ejaculate used for assisted reproduction. Regression models for the following odds ratio calculations were constructed: for obtaining at least one Good Quality Embryo; for live birth in all procedures; for pregnancy in procedures where embryo transfer was performed; for miscarriage. For DFI increase by 10 percentage points (not increased DFI as reference) odds ratio for Good Quality Embryo was statistically significantly lower when AMH was at lower quartile (AMH <12 pmol/L; OR = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.14-0.59,) but not when AMH was at upper quartile (AMH ≥ 36 pmol/L; OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.43-2.13,). The marginal effect of an increase in DFI by 10 percentage points was statistically significant only when AMH < 25.2 pmol/L. Similar results were obtained as considers live birth following standard IVF. No interactions were seen for standard IVF in relation to the risk of miscarriage and for any of the outcomes when ICSI was used as method of treatment. We conclude that the impact of high DFI on the outcome of standard IVF is most pronounced if the female partner has relatively low AMH levels. This finding may help in defining the role of sperm DNA integrity testing in management of infertile couples. It may also explain some of the heterogeneity in results of studies focusing on predictive value of DFI measurements in assisted reproduction.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine