This study aimed to examine the relationship between craniofacial dysmorphology and anomalies of brain morphology in schizophrenia. Assessments of craniofacial dysmorphology and magnetic resonance imaging of brain were performed independently of each other and blind to each other in 24 males with schizophrenia and 16 male controls. Ventricular cerebrospinal fluid volume was negatively correlated with total dysmorphology score in males with schizophrenia (i.e., the larger the ventricular cerebrospinal fluid volume, the lower the total dysmorphology score) but not in male controls. These findings suggest that craniofacial dysmorphology and anomalies of brain morphology may be associated with independent processes in the etiology of schizophrenia.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- magnetic resonance imaging