Is meniscal status in the anterior cruciate ligament injured knee associated with change in bone surface area? An exploratory analysis of the KANON trial

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Abstract

Objectives: To study bone shape changes as a potential early feature of post-traumatic structural knee OA development, we estimated the association between meniscal status in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injured knee and longitudinal condyle changes in bone surface area. Design: We used data from the KANON trial, including 121 young ACL-injured adults. We obtained baseline and 2-year follow-up knee MRIs. Our outcome was change in the bone surface areas (mean mm2, log-transformed) in 4 locations (femur, tibia, patella, and trochlea femur) in the medial and lateral compartment from baseline to 2 years. Meniscal pathology was defined as both present at baseline and newly developed (i.e., incident or progressed) using ACLOAS. We used multilevel linear regression adjusted for baseline bone area, age, sex, body mass index, treatment arm (i.e., early or optional delayed ACL reconstruction), and location. We analyzed medial and lateral compartment separately. We present results as percentage (%) bone area change difference with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: We analyzed 109 subjects (median 27 (18–36) years, 83% men) due to missing MRI information. The bone surface area increased on average by ∼2% over 2 years. The differences between knees with and without baseline meniscal pathology were 1.1% (95%CI 0.0–2.3%) and 1.4% (95%CI 0.6–2.2%) in the medial and lateral compartment, respectively, and 1.2% (95%CI 0.3–2.0%) and 1.3% (95%CI 0.6–2.0%) for medial and lateral newly developed pathology, respectively. Conclusion: Our finding of ∼1% increase bone area in compartment with meniscal pathology suggests a potentially important association between meniscal integrity and early bone surface area changes after ACL injury. Trial registration number ISRCTN 84752559.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-848
Number of pages8
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Volume29
Issue number6
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Bone surface area changes
  • Meniscus
  • Osteoarthritis

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