Ischemic QRS prolongation as a predictor of ventricular fibrillation in a canine model

Jakob Almer, Robert B. Jennings, Michael Ringborn, Henrik Engblom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. An acute coronary occlusion and its possible subsequent complications is one of the most common causes of death. One such complication is ventricular fibrillation (VF) due to myocardial ischemia. The severity of ischemia is related to the amount of coronary arterial collateral flow. In dog studies collateral flow has also been shown to be associated with QRS prolongation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ischemic QRS prolongation (IQP) is associated with impending VF in an experimental acute ischemia dog model. Methods. Degree of IQP and occurrence of VF were measured in dogs (n = 21) during coronary occlusion for 15 min and also during subsequent reperfusion (experiments conducted in 1984). Results. There was a significant difference in absolute IQP between dogs which developed VF during reperfusion (47 ± 29 ms, mean ± SD) and those which did not (12 ± 10 ms; p =.001). Conclusions. IQP during acute coronary occlusion is associated with reperfusion VF in an experimental dog model and might therefore be a potential predictor of malignant arrhythmias in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-267
JournalScandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
Volume52
Issue number5
Early online date2018 Sep 5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • electrocardiography
  • ischemia
  • Ventricular fibrillation

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