Jejunal pouch reconstruction but not preservation of duodenal passage after total gastrectomy reduces plasma cholecystokinin and pancreatic polypeptide long term in pigs.

Ulrika Smedh, Lars Hansson, Rolf Ekman, Thomas Zilling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

AIM: The long-term effects of reconstructions of the gastrointestinal tract after gastrectomy on plasma levels of gastrointestinal hormones that contribute to food intake controls were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Domestic pigs were randomly assigned to sham-surgery or total gastrectomy followed by reconstruction with oesophagojejunostomy on a Roux-en-Y loop (OJRY), jejunal interposition between the oesophagus and the duodenum (OJD), or an oesophagojejunostomy with a jejunal pouch reservoir (J-pouch) on a Roux-en-Y loop. Plasma levels of peptides were analysed by radioimmunoassay (RIA). RESULTS: Ten weeks after surgery, levels of cholecystokinin (CCK) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) were significantly lowered (79.6% and 67.0%, respectively) in animals with a J-pouch, but not in sham-operated animals or animals with OJRY or OJD, as compared to preoperative levels. The levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY (PYY) remained unchanged, irrespective of the mode of reconstruction. CONCLUSION: J-pouch, but not preservation of duodenal passage after total gastrectomy, lowers levels of CCK and PP, peptides that reduce food intake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-98
JournalIn Vivo
Volume23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Surgery (Lund) (013009000), Division of Nursing (Closed 2012) (013065000)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cancer and Oncology

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