Free radicals have been suggested to play a role in the development of diabetic retinopathy. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the metabolic perturbations caused by high-fat feeding of two strains of mice, the C57BL6/J mice and the NMRI mice, interfere with one of the free radical enzyme defense systems in the retina, i. e., glutathione (GSH), and whether morphological changes occur in the retinal vessels. C57BL/6J mice and NMRI mice were fed a high-fat diet (55%) for 18 months. High-fat fed mice of both strains developed overweight, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperlipidemia. In addition, the high-fat fed C57BL/6J mice also developed sustained hyperglycemia for at least 15 months. The C57BL/6J mice had lower retinal GSH levels than the NMRI mice, both when given a normal diet (29.6+/-1.2 vs. 37.1+/-1.4 nmol/mg protein; p<0.01) and when given a high-fat diet (27.0+/-1.6 vs. 34.7+/-2.6 nmol/mg protein; p<0.05). Despite the long-standing hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and hyperlipidemia in the C57BL/6J mice, high-fat feeding did not cause any changes in the retinal tissue levels of GSH (27.0+/-1.6 vs. 29. 6+/-1.2 nmol/mg protein) or cysteine (7.61+/-0.63 vs. 6.80+/-0.59 nmol/mg protein). Similarly, high-fat feeding did not affect retinal GSH or cysteine levels in NMRI mice. No light microscopical retinal vessel changes were seen, either in C57BL/6J or in NMRI mice. The study therefore shows that long-standing metabolic perturbations induced by dietary obesity do not induce signs of retinopathy in two different strains of mice. Further studies are needed to explore whether this is explained by increased expression of protecting systems making these strains of mice resistant to effects of oxidative stress.
Bibliographical noteThe information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Medicine (Lund) (013230025), Division of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology (013250300), Unit on Vascular Diabetic Complications (013241510)
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Endocrinology and Diabetes
- Oxidative stress