Longitudinal association between housing accessibility and activities of daily living: The role of self-efficacy and control in people ageing with Parkinson's disease

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Abstract

Background: External housing-related control beliefs (HCB) and general self-efficacy (GSE) influence different health outcomes in the general ageing population, but there is no information of their role in people ageing with Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to longitudinally assess the role of external HCB and GSE on the association between housing accessibility and activities of daily living (ADL) among people ageing with PD. Methods: Baseline and 3-year follow-up data on 130 community-living participants from the Swedish project 'Home and Health in People Ageing with PD' were collected. Assessments addressed housing accessibility, external HCB, GSE, generic ADL and ADL specific to PD. The moderating effects of external HCB and GSE were assessed by including an interaction term in multivariable logistic regression. Results: There were statistically significant interactions between housing accessibility and GSE on ADL (p = 0.03), and housing accessibility and external HCB on PD specific ADL (p = 0.03). After stratifying the analyses by GSE, housing accessibility problems led to more dependence and difficulty in ADL in participants with low GSE (OR 1.14; 95% CI 1.02-1.28). After stratifying by external HCB, housing accessibility increased dependence and difficulty in PD specific ADL in participants with low external HCB (OR 1.35; 95% CI 1.03-1.76). Discussion: The results suggest that housing accessibility predicts ADL in people with PD with GSE and external HCB playing a moderating role for generic ADL and ADL specific to PD, respectively. Further longitudinal studies should validate these findings and explore their potential application in PD-related care and rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number181
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 25

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health
  • Geriatrics

Free keywords

  • ADL
  • General self-efficacy
  • Housing accessibility
  • Housing-related control beliefs

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