Long‐Term Survival After Single‐Ventricle Palliation: A Swedish Nationwide Cohort Study

Magnus Dalén, Michal Odermarsky, Petru Liuba, Jens Johansson Ramgren, Mats Synnergren, Jan Sunnegårdh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background

Long‐term survival after single‐ventricle palliation and the effect of dominant ventricle morphology in large, unselected series of patients are scarcely reported.
Methods and Results

This nationwide cohort study included all children undergoing operation with single‐ventricle palliation during their first year of life in Sweden between January 1994 and December 2019. Data were obtained from institutional records and assessment of underlying cardiac anomaly and dominant ventricular morphology was based on complete review of medical records, surgical reports, and echocardiographic examinations. Data on vital status and date of death were retrieved from the Swedish Cause of Death Register, allowing for complete data on survival. Among 766 included patients, 333 patients (43.5%) were classified as having left or biventricular dominance, and 432 patients (56.4%) as having right ventricular (RV) dominance (of whom 231 patients had hypoplastic left heart syndrome). Follow‐up was 98.7% complete (10 patients emigrated). Mean follow‐up was 11.3 years (maximum, 26.7 years). Long‐term survival was significantly higher in patients with left ventricular compared with RV dominance (10‐year survival: 91.0% [95% CI, 87.3%–93.6%] versus 71.1% [95% CI, 66.4%–75.2%]). RV dominance had a significant impact on outcomes after first‐stage palliation but was also associated with impaired survival after completed total cavopulmonary connection. In total, 34 (4.4%) patients underwent heart transplantation. Of these 34 patients, 25 (73.5%) had predominant RV morphology.
Conclusions

This study provides clinically relevant knowledge about the long‐term prognosis in patients with different underlying cardiac anomalies undergoing single‐ventricle palliation. RV dominance had a significant impact on outcomes after initial surgical treatment but was also associated with impaired survival after completed Fontan circulation.
Registration

URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03356574.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere031722
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar 18

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Pediatrics

Free keywords

  • congenital heart disease
  • functional single ventricle
  • survival
  • univentricular
  • ventricular morphology

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