Low 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine levels and influence of genetic background in an Andean population exposed to high levels of arsenic.

Karin Engström, Marie Vahter, Christian Lindh, Friederike Teichert, Rajinder Singh, Gabriela Concha, Barbro Nermell, Peter B Farmer, Ulf Strömberg, Karin Broberg Palmgren

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Arsenic (As) causes oxidative stress through generation of reactive oxygen species. 8-Oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), a sensitive marker of oxidative DNA damage, has been associated with As exposure in some studies, but not in others, possibly due to population-specific genetic factors. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between As and 8-oxodG in urine in a population with a low urinary monomethylated As (%MMA) and high dimethylated As (%DMA), as well as the genetic impact on (a) 8-oxodG concentrations and (b) the association between As and 8-oxodG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women (N=108) in the Argentinean Andes were interviewed and urine was analyzed for arsenic metabolites (ICPMS) and 8-oxodG (LC-MS/MS). Twenty-seven polymorphisms in genes related to oxidative stress and one in As(+III)methyltransferase (AS3MT) were studied. RESULTS: Median concentration of 8-oxodG was 4.7nmol/L (adjusted for specific weight; range 1.6-13, corresponding to 1.7mug/g creatinine, range 0.57-4.8) and of total urinary As metabolites (U-As) 290mug/L (range 94-720; 380mug/g creatinine, range 140-1100). Concentrations of 8-oxodG were positively associated with %MMA (strongest association, p=0.013), and weakly associated with U-As (positively) and %DMA (negatively). These associations were strengthened when taking ethnicity into account, possibly reflecting genetic differences in As metabolism and genes regulating oxidative stress and DNA maintenance. A genetic influence on 8-oxodG concentrations was seen for polymorphisms in apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APEX1), DNA-methyltransferases 1 and 3b (DNMT1, DNMT3B), thioredoxin reductase 1 (TXNRD1) and 2 (TXNRD2) and glutaredoxin (GLRX). CONCLUSION: Despite high As exposure, the concentrations of 8-oxodG in this population were low compared with other As-exposed populations studied. The strongest association was found for %MMA, stressing that some inconsistencies between As and 8-oxodG partly depend on population variations in As metabolism. We found evidence of genetic impact on 8-oxodG concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-105
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume683
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health

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