Low glycaemic index (GI) foods improve glucose control in children with type I diabetes.

Tore Vigård, Bengt Lindberg, Helena Elmståhl, Inger Björck, Irene Axelsson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceedingResearchpeer-review


Aim: Does metabolic control improve in children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), when modifying the quality of carbohydrates by introducing low glycaemic index (GI) foods?
Methods: The inclusion criteria for the study was children with diabetes mellitus type 1, age from 7 to 11 years old, they should have a moderate glucose control with HbA1c between 7,5 to 8,5 and no allergy to cereals nor coeliac disease. Seventeen children were enrolled in the study. The design of the study was a blind cross-over
study, each study period was 6 weeks with a wash-out period forthree weeks in between. One study period they got regular diabetic foods, during the other period they got foods with a lower glycaemic index (GI). A diet record was done prior to the start of the study, and
one diet record in each period to see that the macro nutrient composition was the same. HbA1c, total cholesterol and triglyceridewere checked at the beginning and at the end of each period.
Results: For each study person we calculated a delta value for HbA1c by subtracting the HbA1c at the start of the period from the HbA1c at the end of the same period. During the period with regular diabetic foods, the change of HbA1c was (mean±SD) −0,06±0,4, while the change of HbA1c was (mean±SD) -0,34±0,4 during the low GI period. By using Wilcoxon Signed Rank test we found out that there was a significant improvement, ie lowering of HbA1c
during the period with low GI foods (p0,039). Regarding serum lipids, there were no significant changes.
Conclusion: The concept of low GI foods is relevant for children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, it may be one way of optimizing the glucose control for those who have a slightly elevated HbA1c.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationESPGHAN (European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition) 36th annual meeting, Prag 4-7 June 2003, Abstract: Journal of Pediatric, Gastroenterology and Nutriton 36,4
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Publication series

ISSN (Print)1536-4801
ISSN (Electronic)0277-2116

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Paediatrics (013243000), Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry (011001300), Preventive Paediatrics (013243030), Paediatric Endocrinology Research Group (013243010), Paediatrics (Lund) (013002000)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Pediatrics


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