Low-profile two-port MIMO terminal antenna for low LTE bands with wideband multimodal excitation

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Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key enabler for high data rates in mobile communications. However, it is challenging to design MIMO terminal antennas for LTE bands below 1 GHz, due to the conventional chassis offering only one resonant characteristic mode (CM). Recently, it was shown that minor structural changes can yield up to two additional resonant modes for designing two-port MIMO antennas. Nonetheless, the resulting bandwidth for the second port is relatively small. To simultaneously meet bandwidth and other practical requirements (including low profile and no off-ground clearance), a step-by-step approach for structural changes and feed design is applied in this work to exemplify the use of physical insights from CM analysis to achieve a competitive wideband two-port solution. The main novelty is that an entirely new mode is identified and appropriately tuned by structural modification for creating an additional resonance below 1 GHz. Moreover, two simple probe-feed ports are designed to jointly excite different subsets of four modes over frequency. In addition, far-field pattern orthogonality is guaranteed by the different phase shifts of the characteristic electric fields at the port locations. Furthermore, bulkier self-resonant antenna elements are avoided. To show design flexibility, a three-port version is also demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-378
JournalIEEE Open Journal on Antennas and Propagation
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Communication Systems

Free keywords

  • MIMO systems
  • characteristic modes
  • correlation coefficient
  • wideband antennas
  • terminal antennas


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