Low wall stress in the popliteal artery: Other mechanisms responsible for the predilection of aneurysmal dilatation?

Rachel De Basso, Hakan Astrand, Åsa Rydén Ahlgren, Thomas Sandgren, Toste Lanne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The popliteal artery (PA) is, after aorta, the most common site for aneurysm formation. Why the PA is more susceptible than other peripheral muscular arteries is unknown. We hypothesized that the wall composition, which in turn affects wall properties, as well as the circumferential wall stress (WS) imposed on the arterial wall, might differ compared to other muscular arteries. The aim was to study the WS of the PA in healthy subjects with the adjacent, muscular, common femoral artery (CFA) as a comparison. Ninety-four healthy subjects were included in this study (45 males, aged 10-78 years and 49 females, aged 10-83 years). The diameter and intima-media thickness (IMT) in the PA and CFA were investigated with ultrasound. Together with blood pressure the WS was defined according to the law of Laplace adjusted for IMT. The diameter increased with age in both PA and CFA (p<0.001), with males having a larger diameter than females (p<0.001). IMT increased with age in both PA and CFA (p<0.001), with higher IMT values in males only in PA (p<0.001). The calculated WS was unchanged with age in both arteries, but lower in PA than in CFA in both sexes (p<0.001). In conclusion, this study shows that the PA and CFA WS is maintained during aging, probably due to a compensatory remodelling response with an increase in arterial wall thickness. However, the stress imposed on the PA wall is quite low, indicating that mechanisms other than WS contribute to the process of pathological arterial dilatation in the PA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-136
JournalVascular Medicine
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • aneurysm
  • blood pressure
  • humans
  • popliteal artery

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Low wall stress in the popliteal artery: Other mechanisms responsible for the predilection of aneurysmal dilatation?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this