Lung mechanics, gas exchange and central circulation during treatment of intra-abdominal hemorrhage with pneumatic anti-shock garment and intra-aortic balloon occlusion. An experimental study in pigs

Sten Blomquist, T Åberg, Jan Otto Solem, Stig Steen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Standardized intra-abdominal hemorrhage was induced in 7 anesthetized pigs. The resulting hypovolemic shock was treated with pneumatic anti-shock garment (PASG) followed by intra-aortic balloon occlusion. The effects of this treatment on circulation, lung mechanics and gas exchange were studied. Hemorrhage was induced by pulling out sutures introduced in the inferior caval vein. We found that the use of PASG partially restored mean arterial blood pressure from 44 +/- 6 to 66 +/- 6 mm Hg. When intraaortic balloon occlusion was added, the arterial pressure returned to basal levels. Cardiac output fell severely due to the hemorrhage from 3.7 +/- 0.2 to 1.3 +/- 0.2 liters/min and could not be restored during the treatment. A severe fall in total lung compliance was recorded after inflation of the PASG from 18.6 +/- 0.9 to 10 +/- 0.7 ml/cm H2O, this was accompanied by a fall in alveolar ventilation. These findings emphasize the severe restriction in lung function that occurred during treatment with PASG. Both parameters returned to near normal values when the PASG was deflated and the intra-aortic balloon was inflated. Pulmonary vascular resistance increased by more than 400% and remained high during the study period. There was no change in arterial PO2, however the fall in mixed venous PO2 caused by hemorrhage was reversed at the end of the treatment. Indirect monitoring of cerebral function by continuous EEG showed a decreased voltage during the hemorrhage, this was reversed by the combined treatment. We conclude that the outlined treatment makes it possible to restore central hemodynamics and preserve cerebral function at least for a short period of time until definite surgical treatment can be performed. However, severe restriction on lung mechanics, especially when PASG was inflated, makes it probable that ventilatory support can be necessary in such cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-247
JournalEuropean Surgical Research
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Surgery

Free keywords

  • Pneumatic anti-shock garment
  • Intra-aortic balloon
  • Hemorrhage

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