BACKGROUND: Legumes are one of the most common foods causing allergic reactions in children and adults. Cross-reacting antibodies are frequently demonstrated in this family but the real clinical cross-reactivity is uncommon. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of lupine-induced anaphylaxis and to elucidate in vivo and in vitro cross-reactivity with some legumes. METHODS: Skin prick test (SPT) with some legumes were performed. Cap-IgE, ELISA-IgE, and immunoblotting were carried out. Open oral challenges with some legumes were performed. Cross-reactivity was studied by ELISA and immunoblotting inhibition. RESULTS: The results demonstrated type-I hypersensitivity reactions with lupine and some other legumes. Cap-IgE with peanut was positive but the SPT and ELISA-IgE were negative and the patient tolerated a peanut challenge. ELISA inhibition revealed a partial inhibition (62%) using lupine as the solid phase. Partial inhibition was demonstrated by immunoblotting inhibition. Open oral challenge with peanut and green bean were negative but positive with pea. CONCLUSION: We present a lupine sensitized patient with positive SPT and in vitro cross-reactivity with other legumes. Clinical cross-reactivity progressively developed over a 5-year period. Discrepancies were found between the clinical aspect and in vitro study of peanut allergy. Factors determining the wide variability in cross-reactivity among individuals are still obscure.
|Journal||Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
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