Management of endocrine surgical disorders during COVID-19 pandemic: expert opinion for non-surgical options

et al., Orhan Agcaoglu, Martin Almquist, Dilek Yazici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic brought unprecedented conditions for overall health care systems by restricting resources for non-COVID-19 patients. As the burden of the disease escalates, routine elective surgeries are being cancelled. The aim of this paper was to provide a guideline for management of endocrine surgical disorders during a pandemic. Methods: We used Delphi method with a nine-scale Likert scale on two rounds of voting involving 64 experienced eminent surgeons and endocrinologists who had the necessary experience to provide insight on endocrine disorder management. All voting was done by email using a standard questionnaire. Results: Overall, 37 recommendations were voted on. In two rounds, all recommendations reached an agreement and were either endorsed or rejected. Endorsed statements include dietary change in primary hyperparathyroidism, Cinacalcet treatment in secondary hyperparathyroidism, alpha-blocker administration for pheochromocytoma, methimazole ± β-blocker combination for Graves’ disease, and follow-up for fine-needle aspiration results of thyroid nodules indicated as Bethesda 3–4 cytological results and papillary microcarcinoma. Conclusion: This survey summarizes expert opinion for the management of endocrine surgical conditions during unprecedented times when access to surgical treatment is severely disrupted. The statements are not applicable in circumstances in which surgical treatment is possible. © 2021, Italian Society of Surgery (SIC).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-335
JournalUpdates in Surgery
Issue number1
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Surgery


  • Consensus
  • Endocrine disease
  • Expert opinion
  • Pandemic
  • Qualtrics
  • Survey


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