Management of oxytocin for labour augmentation in relation to mode of birth in Robson group 1

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Objective: To compare mode of birth in Robson group 1 according to administration of oxytocin for labour augmentation. Design and participants: A retrospective review of 724 medical records from women in Robson group 1 was performed. The outcome measurements were: mode of birth in relation to presence of labour dystocia when initiating augmentation with oxytocin, duration of augmentation with oxytocin, increase of the oxytocin infusion according to recommendations and cervical dilation when initiating augmentation with oxytocin. Setting: The review was based on medical records from a medium-sized tertiary level obstetric unit in southern Sweden, with approximately 3700 births per year. Data was collected between January 2017 and October 2017. Measurements and Findings: Oxytocin for labour augmentation was used in 64.1% of the births. Oxytocin administered according to the national recommendations was related to a greater likelihood of vaginal birth than when these recommendations were not followed. Only 47.8% of the women who underwent a caesarean section was treated according to recommendations. Receiving augmentation with oxytocin at a later stage of labour was related to a greater likelihood of a vaginal birth. The total time treated with oxytocin was significantly longer in women who had an assisted vaginal birth or a caesarean section than those who had a vaginal birth with augmentation. Key conclusions: Oxytocin for labour augmentation was over-used in Robson group 1. Oxytocin early in labour, a long duration of stimulation with oxytocin and a slower increase of the infusion than recommended had a relationship with caesarean section. Implication for practice: Due to risks for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes when using oxytocin for labour augmentation, caregivers should implement strict protocols for its use. According to a high use of oxytocin there is a need to describe women's experiences of labour augmentation in labour dystocia but also when received despite normal labour progress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102822
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine


  • Caesarean section
  • Labour dystocia
  • Mode of birth
  • Oxytocin augmentation
  • Robson Group 1


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