Maternal Race and Stillbirth: Cohort Study and Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

Anastasija Arechvo, Despoina A. Nikolaidi, María M. Gil, Valeria Rolle, Argyro Syngelaki, Ranjit Akolekar, Kypros H. Nicolaides

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Accurate identification of independent predictors of stillbirth is needed to define preventive strategies. We aim to examine the independent contribution of maternal race in the risk of stillbirth after adjusting for maternal characteristics and medical history. There are two components to the study: first, prospective screening in 168,966 women with singleton pregnancies coordinated by the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) and second, a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting on race and stillbirth. In the FMF study, logistic regression analysis found that in black women, the risk of stillbirth, after adjustment for confounders, was higher than in white women (odds ratio 1.78, 95% confidence interval 1.50 to 2.11). The risk for other racial groups was not significantly different. The literature search identified 20 studies that provided data on over 6,500,000 pregnancies, but only 10 studies provided risks adjusted for some maternal characteristics; consequently, the majority of these studies did not provide accurate contribution of different racial groups to the prediction of stillbirth. It is concluded that in women of black origin, the risk of stillbirth, after adjustment for confounders, is about twofold higher than in white women. Consequently, closer surveillance should be granted for these women.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3452
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine

Free keywords

  • pregnancy complications
  • race
  • screening
  • singleton pregnancies
  • stillbirth


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