Maximizing yield of liquid-lignin from membrane filtration retentate of kraft black liquor

Kena Li, Linnéa Kollberg, Henrik Almqvist, Bin Xu, Christian Hulteberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Removal of lignin from kraft pulping black liquor has the potential to increase pulp production, and at the same time lignin can serve as raw material for renewable fuels. There are well-known challenges associated with the outtake of lignin from kraft black liquor. Examples of such challenges are acid consumption and effects on the Na/S balance in the pulp mill, which can be decreased by a new process concept combining membrane filtration and liquid-lignin separation. In this study, we investigated the yield of liquid-lignin in separation from kraft black liquor retentate, specifically concerning how it was influenced by the presence of xylose and galactoglucomannan. For example, the liquid lignin yield after carbon dioxide separation decreased from 89.3 % to 85.2 % and 86.1 % with the addition of 20 g/L xylose and galactoglucomannan, respectively. The results showed that the yield of liquid-lignin decreased with an increasing amount of sugar added. Similarly to previous research, our results showed an improvement of liquid-lignin yield associated with a decrease in the content of sugars in cases of heat treatment prior to separation. We suggest a new explanation for the interaction between lignin and hemicellulose, namely that the interactions occur at a molecular level, with lignin in solution, and that these interactions possibly involve the formation of covalent lignin-carbohydrate bonds. This makes the lignin more polar and less prone to form a liquid-lignin phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113657
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Swedish Energy Agency (contract no. 41288-1). The financial support of this work by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) (contract no. RBP14-0052) and SunCarbon are also gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks as well to Johan Thuvander, Basel Al-Raudiny and Anders Arkell for their helping in regard to thermomechanical pulp mill process water preparation and SEC measurement that were carried out. The authors also gratefully thank Martin Sundin for helpful discussions.

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology

Keywords

  • Black liquor retentate
  • Continuous flow reactor
  • Heat treatment
  • Xylose

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Maximizing yield of liquid-lignin from membrane filtration retentate of kraft black liquor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this