Measurements and analysis of primary ship waves in the Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden

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Primary ship waves generated by conventional marine vessels were investigated in the Furusund fairway located in the Stockholm archipelago, Sweden. Continuous water level measurements at two locations in the fairway were analyzed. In total, 466 such events were extracted during two months of measurements. The collected data were used to evaluate 13 existing predictive equations for drawdown height or squat. However, none of the equations were able to satisfactorily predict the drawdown height. Instead, a new equation for drawdown height and period was derived based on simplified descriptions of the main physical processes together with field measurements, employing multiple regression analysis to derive coefficients in the equation. The proposed equation for drawdown height performed better than the existing equations with an R2 value of 0.65, whereas the equation for the drawdown period was R2 = 0.64. The main conclusion from this study is that an empirical equation can satisfactorily predict primary ship waves for a large data set.

Original languageEnglish
Article number743
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Marine Engineering


  • Drawdown
  • Predictive equations
  • Restricted waterways
  • Ship wave measurement
  • Ship waves


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