Abstract
This thesis comprises three different topics within the field of tribology. First, design functions for analyses of slider bearings are developed. Second, a lubricant model applied to elastohydrodynamically lubricated (EHL) line contacts considering wallslip is presented. Finally, an experimental apparatus for investigations of lubricants at high pressures is presented.
The design of hydrodynamic bearings usually requires a total numerical analysis of the pressure distribution and the corresponding design quantities such as load capacity and power loss. The objective of this part of the thesis was to determine curvefitted functions describing each design quantity. Three different kinds of geometry were analysed; rectangular tiltingpad thrust bearings, sectorshaped tiltingpad thrust bearings and journal bearings with two axial oil grooves. The approximate design functions obtained are shown to be in very good agreement with the numerically calculated results. The functions are intended to be implemented in short computer programs.
A wallslip model including limiting shear stress is presented. The lubricant model was applied to EHL line contacts using isothermal conditions. The main part of the model concerns the lubricant velocity at each surface that is decoupled from the corresponding surface velocity giving two new variables in the EHL equations. The lubricant velocity at the surface is related to the corresponding shear stress. As long as the value of the shear stress is below the limiting shear stress, the lubricant velocity is equal to the surface velocity. However, when the shear stress reaches the limiting shear stress, interfacial slip appears and the lubricant velocity differs from the surface velocity. Both smooth and wavy surfaces were used in the calculations and the influence of the wallslip model on the results compared to a Newtonian model was investigated.
Results from a high pressure chamber are presented. It is possible to use the apparatus for a number of different measurements. The compressibility variation with the pressure for five different lubricants was investigated for pressures up to 2.7 GPa. The density variation for each lubricant is presented as a curvefit.
The design of hydrodynamic bearings usually requires a total numerical analysis of the pressure distribution and the corresponding design quantities such as load capacity and power loss. The objective of this part of the thesis was to determine curvefitted functions describing each design quantity. Three different kinds of geometry were analysed; rectangular tiltingpad thrust bearings, sectorshaped tiltingpad thrust bearings and journal bearings with two axial oil grooves. The approximate design functions obtained are shown to be in very good agreement with the numerically calculated results. The functions are intended to be implemented in short computer programs.
A wallslip model including limiting shear stress is presented. The lubricant model was applied to EHL line contacts using isothermal conditions. The main part of the model concerns the lubricant velocity at each surface that is decoupled from the corresponding surface velocity giving two new variables in the EHL equations. The lubricant velocity at the surface is related to the corresponding shear stress. As long as the value of the shear stress is below the limiting shear stress, the lubricant velocity is equal to the surface velocity. However, when the shear stress reaches the limiting shear stress, interfacial slip appears and the lubricant velocity differs from the surface velocity. Both smooth and wavy surfaces were used in the calculations and the influence of the wallslip model on the results compared to a Newtonian model was investigated.
Results from a high pressure chamber are presented. It is possible to use the apparatus for a number of different measurements. The compressibility variation with the pressure for five different lubricants was investigated for pressures up to 2.7 GPa. The density variation for each lubricant is presented as a curvefit.
Original language  English 

Qualification  Doctor 
Awarding Institution 

Supervisors/Advisors 

Award date  2002 Nov 29 
Publisher  
Publication status  Published  2002 
Bibliographical note
Defence detailsDate: 20021129
Time: 09:15
Place: Lund Institute of Technology, Mbuilding, Room M:B
External reviewer(s)
Name: Venner, Kees
Title: Dr
Affiliation: Nederländerna

Subject classification (UKÄ)
 Mechanical Engineering
Free keywords
 vakuumteknik
 vibrationer
 Maskinteknik
 hydraulik
 akustik
 Mechanical engineering
 hydraulics
 vacuum technology
 vibration and acoustic engineering