Mechanisms and prevention of plant tissue collapse during dehydration: A critical review.

Frédéric Prothon, L Ahrne, Ingegerd Sjöholm

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

78 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The appearance and functional properties are primordial in the quality assessment of semifinished fruit and vegetable products. These properties are often associated with shrunken, shriveled, darkened materials of poor rehydration ability after been subjected to air-drying—the most used drying method in the food industry. Fruits and vegetables are cellular tissues containing gas-filled pores that tend to collapse when subjected to dehydration. Collapse is an overall term that has different meanings and scale-settings in the literature depending on whether the author is a plant physiologist, a food technologist, a chemical engineer, or a material scientist. Some clarifications are given in this particular but wide field.

The purpose of this work was to make a state-of-the-art contribution to the structural and textural effects of different types of dehydration on edible plant products and give a basis for preventing this phenomenon. The plant tissue is described, and the primordial role of the cell wall in keeping the structural integrity is emphasized. Water and its functionality at macro and micro levels of the cellular tissue are reviewed as well as its transport during dehydration. The effects of both dehydration and rehydration are described in detail, and the term "textural collapse" is proposed as an alternative to structural collapse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-479
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Volume43
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Food Engineering

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