Metal allergy: Gold

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Gold is today a well-known but still controversial contact sensitizer. The patch test reaction to gold is sometimes difficult to read, and positive reactions typically appear late; therefore, two readings are of utmost importance. Gold is not generally within the baseline series but is recommended in any dental and metal series. Gold can give rise not only to local eczematous reactions, chronic papular reactions, or generalized dermatitis, but also to lichenoid reactions, especially when in contact with the oral mucosa. The sensitizer can also give rise to systemic allergic contact dermatitis when exposure is systemic. Female sex, dental gold restorations and age are factors that are associated with contact allergy to gold.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMetal Allergy
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Dermatitis to Implant and Device Failure
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783319585031
ISBN (Print)9783319585024
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases


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