Middle-latency auditory evoked potentials during induction of thiopentone anaesthesia in pigs

L. Martoft, E. W. Jensen, P. F. Jørgensen, A. Forslid, H. D. Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A method is described for measuring middle-latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEP) in consciously awake, non-sedated pigs during the induction of thiopentone anaesthesia (0.6 ml/kg, 2.5% thiopentone solution). It was done by using autoregressive modelling with an exogenous input (ARX). The ability to perceive pain during the induction was compared with (1) the changes in latencies and amplitudes of the MLAEP, (2) the change in a depth of anaesthesia index based on the ARX-model and (3) the change in the 95% spectral edge frequency. The pre-induction MLAEP was easily recordable and looked much like the one in man, dogs and rats. The temporal resolution in the ARX method was sufficiently high to describe the fast changes occurring during induction of thiopentone anaesthesia. As previously reported from studies in man, dogs and rats, induction of thiopentone anaesthesia resulted in significantly increased latencies and decreased amplitudes of the MLAEP trace as well as in a significantly reduced depth of anaesthesia index and spectral edge frequency. None of the changes, however, related well to the ability to react to a painful stimulus. Whether an ARX-based depth of anaesthesia index designed especially for pigs might be better than the present index (designed for man) for assessing depth of anaesthesia must await the results of further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-363
JournalLaboratory Animals
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Auditory evoked potentials
  • Depth of anaesthesia
  • Induction of anaesthesia
  • Pig
  • SEF
  • Swine
  • Thiopentone


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