Mild Cognitive Impairment, Reversion Rates, and Associated Factors: Comparison of Two Diagnostic Approaches

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BACKGROUND: As mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is typically used to identify prodromal stages of dementia, it is essential to identify MCI criteria with high diagnostic stability and prediction of dementia. Moreover, further investigation into pinpointing key factors for reversion is required to foresee future prognosis of MCI patients accurately.

OBJECTIVE: To explore disparities in diagnostic stability by examining reversion rates produced by two operationalizations of the MCI definition: the widely applied Petersen criteria and a version of the Neuropsychological (NP) criteria and to identify cognitive, lifestyle, and health related factors for reversion.

METHODS: MCI was retrospectively classified in a sample from the Swedish community-based study Good Aging in Skåne with the Petersen criteria (n = 744, median follow-up = 7.0 years) and the NP criteria (n = 375, median follow-up, 6.7 years), respectively. Poisson regression models estimated the effect of various factors on the likelihood of incident reversion.

RESULTS: Reversion rates were 323/744 (43.4%, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 39.8; 47.0) and 181/375 (48.3% 95% CI: 43.2; 53.5) for the Petersen criteria and NP criteria, respectively. Participants with impairment in a single cognitive domain, regular alcohol consumption, living with someone, older age, and lower body mass index had a higher likelihood of reverting to normal.

CONCLUSION: Reversion rates were similar for Petersen and NP criteria indicating that one definition is not superior to the other regarding diagnostic stability. Additionally, the results highlight important aspects such as multiple domain MCI, cohabitation, and the role of alcohol on predicting the trajectory of those diagnosed with MCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-601
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
Issue number2
Early online date2022 Nov 29
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Geriatrics


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