Mission and Cosmopolitan Mothering: Saving Armenian Mothers and Orphans, 1902-1947

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article discusses and analyzes mothering that crosses boundaries of care in spite of differences of nationality, culture and religion. Swedish missionary Alma Johansson was one of a remarkable number of women missionaries who volunteered as relief workers during the Armenian refugee crisis. These women missionaries were often seen as mothers who were ‘saving a whole generation’. The article shows how Johansson acted as an external mother and created transnational bonds of solidarity between Swedish and Armenian mothers. The close relationships became a foundation for Armenian children and women to help themselves. However, in this mothering were also ambivalences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-73
Number of pages30
JournalSocial Sciences and Missions
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Social Work
  • History

Free keywords

  • humanitarianism
  • transnationalisme
  • mothering
  • maternage
  • cosmopolitanism
  • cosmopolitisme
  • genre
  • humanitarisme
  • génocide arménien
  • Armenian Genocide
  • gender
  • transnationalism


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