Mitigation of pretreatment-derived inhibitors during lignocellulosic ethanol fermentation using spent grain as a nitrogen source

Michael Persson, Mats Galbe, Ola Wallberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nitrogen-containing nutrient sources can be used to mitigate the negative effects of pretreatment-derived inhibitors on product formation rates during bioethanol production. Process economic limitations require these nutrients to be inexpensive. A method of hydrolyzing the protein in the spent grain fraction remaining after wheat grain saccharification, using porcine pancreas trypsin, is presented. This protein hydrolysate was shown to increase the volumetric productivity of ethanol production, measured after 24 h, during fermentation of a lignocellulosic hydrolysate from 0.24 to 0.60 g/L h. Although the effects on the productivity, on a per gram basis, were lower than with yeast extract, which increased the product formation rate to 1.64 g/L h, amino acid analysis of the soluble polypeptides in the protein hydrolysate showed that the feasibility of using spent grain as a nutrient source could be increased through optimization of the hydrolysis step. Furthermore, it was shown that pretreatment-derived inhibitors could reduce cell growth without affecting ethanol formation rates and that nutrient addition could increase ethanol formation rates without increasing cell growth. Finally, it was shown that the ability of nutrients to affect the product formation rate was limited above a certain inhibitor concentration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Bioenergy

Keywords

  • Ethanol
  • Inhibitors
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Nutrients
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Spent grains

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